Centuries have passed but talking about India’s rich and varied heritage is still a topic of discussion that bespeaks us of its glorious past. The credit goes to our ancestors who have preserved the cultural heritage that leads us to the depths of our origin.
Heritage usually connects the present generations to the roots of the past. Many have invaded India and have merged up in the ocean of cultures. India being a land of colours have a unique impression all over the world. Even the places of our freedom movement can also be considered as part of cultural heritage. Here we focus on some of the heritage sites of north India.
North Indian states have a wonderful combination of peaks of the Great Himalayan ranges covered with snow all throughout the year. Coming up next is the Indo-Gangetic plains and a vast heated desert. Indian heritage is a complete package of diversities. Come let us take a journey of the most visited monuments in North India.
Jammu & Kashmir- “Princely state”
Jammu and Kashmir known to be a princely state of the British Empire in India. It was created in 1846, famous places to visit here are:-
- HARI PARBAT: It is known to be the largest city and the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. This place has a famous SHARIKA DEVI temple dedicated to Goddess Jagadamba. Hence, known to be a notable worship place.
- AMAR MAHAL PALACE: This is a well-known palace in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Now, this palace is converted into a museum. This museum displays a large collection of portraits of the royal family.
Himachal Pradesh- “Land of Gods”
There are number of monuments in Himachal Pradesh comprising of beautiful palaces and castles. This place is a house of Indian Institute of Advance Studies. Famous places to visit here are:-
- RANG MAHAL: The construction of this palace gives us the view of the Mughal, Colonial and Saracenic architectural style. It is also known as ‘Painted Place’ and was built as a shelter to royal women. This is located on Himachal Pradesh.
- BHIMAKALI TEMPLE: This is famous place located at Sarahan, Himachal Pradesh. This temple is approx. 800 years old and is regarded to be one of the popular pilgrimage site. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga, the goddess of strength.
Chandigarh- “The City Beautiful”
This city serves as capital of two neighboring states Haryana and Punjab. This city is full of man -made architectures. This state also is a Union Territory of India.
- THE MARTYR’S MEMORIAL: If you are a true patriot of our country then this is a place which should be included in your tour. This was built to memorialize all the martyr’s who lost their lives during the partition of Punjab. This place gives you a clear glimpses of the time of pre-independence era.
- CHANDI MANDIR– A temple located at a distance 15 kms from Chandigarh city. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Chandi, the Goddess of Power. This place gets crowded during the festival of Navaratras, more than thousands of devotees visit this temple. The Name of Chandigarh was named after the Goddess Chandi.
Punjab-“Land of Five Rivers”
As we hear the name Punjab, our mind strikes at one place and i.e. the famous attraction worldwide is The Golden temple.
- THE GOLDEN TEMPLE: This temple is located is the city of Amritsar, Punjab. This place is the most important pilgrim site of Sikhism. This temple is known as “ABODE OF GOD”. This place is an open boat of worship for all men and women. It is square plan with four entrances followed by a pool. This place serves millions of people with food and this is run by the Sikh community. This free food is known as langar. All devotees in langar are equally treated.
Haryana-“Abode of God”
Haryana is famous of jats. Famous places of visit here are:-
- ASIRGARH FORT : This is known as the HANSI FORT situated in Hisar, Haryana which falls under the National Capital Region. Hisar is a blend of the historic India with modern urban developing India. This HANSI FORT is one of the most famous places of the area locally known as PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN KA QUILA.
- BADKHAL LAKE: This is a natural lake fringed by the hills of Aravalli range situated in Badkhal village near Faridabad, Haryana. Faridabad is the biggest city of Haryana. Owing to unchecked mining, the lake has now dried up. The flower show is held here during the spring time.
Delhi-“City of Rallies”
Delhi is famous for its tourist’s attraction, foods, and its marketplaces. Being in the capital city of India, one can explore many things here. Famous places here are:-
- INDIA GATE : A war memorial of the Indian Army Soldiers who lost their lives during World War1 (1914-1921). The material used for the construction is yellow and red sandstone and granite. It is situated in the capital city NEW DELHI, and this place is easily connected through railways and roadways. It is also connected through metro stations.
- AMAR JAWAN JYOTI: This memorial was constructed after the Indo-Pakistan War to pay homage to the soldiers during the war. It was constructed in 1971 and was inaugurated by Indira Gandhi. It is situated under India Gate at RAJPATH, New Delhi. “AMAR JAWAN” which means Immortal soldiers is scripted in Gold on all the four sides of Cenotaph and followed by a L1A1 self-loading rifle on top, which stands out on its barrel with an unknown soldier’s helmet on top. There are continuous burning flames on the four wins.
Uttar Pradesh-“City of Learning”
Uttar Pradesh is said to be the birthplace of Lord RAMA and Lord KRISHNA and also a home to large historical site. Famous places for visit are:-
- KASHI VISHWANATH TEMPLE: This temple stands on the western bank of the sacred river GANGA, and is one of the twelve jyotirlingas, known to be the holiest of SHIVA temple. This famous temple is located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. This temple is managed by the government of Uttar Pradesh. This place is seen crowded all throughout the year.
- TAJ MAHAL: A historic monument built in AGRA, Uttar Pradesh during the year of 1631-1648 by the Mughal Emperor SHAH JAHAN. It was built in memory of his beloved wife. Taj Mahal is known to be one of universally admired masterpieces in Indian Heritage, and stands out to be the jewel of Muslim art. It is a perfect symmetrical planned building. This heritage is declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Indian Heritage Monuments still stands out tall from the royal past. These add glory to Indian culture and heritage, and these are well-appreciated worldwide. To the sum up, it can only be said that India has rich culture to learn, festival to celebrate and Heritage places to visit.