An important Hindu festival CHHATH PUJA is celebrated on the sixth day of the month of Karthika . Chhath is mainly a pious festival of Bihar, but now it is seen celebrated all over the globe.
This puja is devoted to the adoration of the Sun God and his wife named Usha. During this pious festival, the believer perform the puja wholeheartedly and thank the supernatural and seek for almighty’s blessings.
Chhath Puja is a four days festival which starts with the gap of four days after Diwali. This year this is being celebrated on November 13,2018. This puja as stated above comprises of four days but the main day is said to be the third day.
According to Hinduism, the sun is believed to be God of light ,day and wisdom. So it is believed that the Sun God may heal severe health problems and insure longevity, prosperity and rise.
The festival is celebrated with a uncompromising routine, which comprises FASTING , DIVINE BATHING, OFFERING PRAYERS to the rising (dawn) and the setting sun (dusk). Devotees also meditate by standing when they are in water. People celebrate this great festival with great fervour.
Every festival has its own significance and story. There is always a reason from the past for what we follow today, Same is said to be with this festival.
According to ancient times, Rama and his wife Sita had kept fast and had offered prayers to the God of wisdom and light in the month of Karthika after they returned to Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile. From then onwards, Chhath Puja became more significant and traditional Hindu festival. People celebrate this festival with great zeal and enthusiasm every year.
HOW IS CHHATH PUJA’S FOUR DAYS CELEBRATED
The four days festival is observed by the devotees in this similar ways:-
First day, NAHAY KHAY: On this day the devotees take a dip in the holy rivers, ponds etc. and it is seen that they carry the holy water to their respective home in order to prepare the offering.
Second day ,LOHANDA : The devotees keep fast For the whole day and break the fast in the evening (after sunset) after worshipping both the natural forms of energy (sun and moon ) they prepare kheer (rice pudding) and rice for their family . After having this ,the devotees are seen keeping fast for 36 hours ( without water)
Third day, SANDHYA ARAGHYA : After making the offering (Prasad) ,the devotees take a dip in the holy water and meditate the sun God and Chhathi Maiyya while worshiping in the evening the holy song is sung.
Fourth day, USHA ARGHYA : Offerings done by the devotees in the morning to the sun God and with this they break their fast and this day ends up the festival.
This festival is a symbol of purity , so the devotees during this period observe themselves to be pious and holy. The devotees sleep on floor with a blanket . The main day ,the third day the devotees offer Surya Namaskar and fruits to the sun God.
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