Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela popularly known as Nelson Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist.
“Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.” by Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela is popular for various things.
Firstly, for being the first black president of South Africa, serving from 1994 to 1999.
And secondly, for successfully leading the apartheid to multiracial democracy in South Africa’s policy of in the 20th century. His life is an inspiration to all beings exploited and deprived in the nation.
Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in a small village of Mvezo, on the banks of the Mbashe River in Transkei, South Africa. His birth name was Rolihlahla Mandela. His father was the chief counsellor to the Acting King of the Thembu people.
Mandela was just 12 when his father died in 1930. After his father died, Jongintaba took his responsibility and raised him.
Young Rolihlahla studied at school initially and later joined the University of Fort Hare, the South African Native College.
Struggle Story of Nelson Mandela
Though South Africa, being a home of people and cultures still the colour discrimination between white and black was on fire. Sadly, when young Mandela was growing up, there was a tremendous racial cut in the country.
Discriminate was so high that only the white people were to rule the country residing over great jobs, good houses and Proper health care. Whereas, the darker people were paid for low wages compared to the fairer ones. These people lived in low communities with poor facilities.
In 1988, he was awarded the Sakharov Prize for his freedom of thought and defence of human rights. Two years later, he was honoured with Bharat Ratna award for his exceptional service of no discrimination between race, position and caste. And in the same year with the Lenin Peace Prize for strengthening peace among people.
In 1992, he was again honoured with Nishan-e-Pakistan. The very next year he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his selfless service and works.
Let’s check out some amazing facts about Nelson Mandela which everyone is not aware of
- Facing problem and discrimination, Nelson Mandela gradually became an important figure in history, here are some amazing stuff about this personality.
- Nelson became the first black president of South Africa (1994-1999). He was elected in a fully representative election.
- Mandela government focused on spoiling the Apartheid government in the country.
- He was elected as the leader of the young wing of African National Congress in the liberation movement.
- His teacher nicknamed him as “Nelson” on his first day of school.
- He was imprisoned in three different prisons for 27 years for his crime and conspiracy.
- In leaving the country, he used the name David Motsamayi in order to move out of South Africa.
- He was released from prison by President Frederick Willem de Klerk in 1990.
- Mandela also advocated HIV/AIDS after his sons passed away. He made a public announcement of his son’ condition that helped break the stain of the disease in South Africa.
- Nelson loved sports and believed that sport had the power to change and inspire the world. He believed that sports shapes hope and power in breaking down racial hurdles
Retirement of Nelson Mandela
Mandela, being true to his promises, stepped down from active politics but continued to work for international presence as an advocate of peace, reconciliation, and social justice. He never wavered in his devotion to democracy, equality and learning.
He never answered racism with racism and helped for the same through the work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, established in 1999.
Nelson Mandela was an incredibly intelligent and inspiration. He believed in treating everyone fairly. Spending more than 25 years in imprisonment still, he was welcomed as the hero on this release day. Despite of tough life, Mandela passed the only message in common was forgiveness and equality. His message made South Africa a fairer place and he is still remembered for his message peace and unity.