“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today.”
The National Education Policy drafted in 1986 and amended in 1992 and has again shifted newly. More than three decades have passed since the previous Policy, the change has been inaugurated in 2020. During this pandemic period, essential changes have taken place in our country especially, the education system. The Indian Education system actually needs to gear itself towards the demands of the 21st Century needs of the people.
Quality, innovation, and research are the new pillars of the new education system. India will become a knowledge superpower.
The COVID- 19 pandemics has inspired globally that our current way of life does not work. One such sector, where the need for improvement is necessary is education, it was the Union Cabinet on Wednesday (29th July) that gave thumbs up to India’s new National Education Policy 2020.
During the new reforms lead to modifications in higher education, focus on skills development, and enhances inclusion through language variety and course fluidity. Whereas the new education system aims to concentrate on active awareness giving rise to creative, vast, multifaceted, and best suited to 21st-century requirements.
NEP 2020 is the first education policy of the 21st century and replaces the 34-year-old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986. This change attempts to develop the self-identity talents of each learner.
The fresh underlines of the Indian Education System 2020
- 10+2 board structure is thrown down
- New school structure will be 5+3+3+4
- Up to 5 pre-school, 6 to 8 Mid School, 8 to 11 High School, 12 onwards Graduation
- Any Degree will be 4 years
- 6th std onwards vocational courses introduced
- From 8th to 11 students can choose subjects
- All graduation course will have major and minor
- Example – science students can have Physics as Major and Music as minor also. Any combination he/she can choose
- All higher education will be governed by a single authority
- UGC, AICTE will be merged
- Equal grading and other rules for all University government, private, Open, Deemed, Vocational, etc.
- New Teacher Training board will be set up for all kinds of teachers in the country, no state can change.
- The same level of Accreditation to any collage, based on its rating colleges will get autonomous rights and funds
- The new Basic learning program will be created by the government for parents to teach children to 3 years income and for pre-kindergarten 3 to 6
- Many entries & exits in any course
- Credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which they can use if they take a break in the course and later comes back again to complete course
- All schools exams will be semester wise i.e., twice a year
- The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only
- More focus on student practical and application knowledge
- For any graduation course if the student completes only one year he will get a basic certificate, if he completes two years then he will get a Diploma certificate, and if he completes the full course then will get a degree certificate. So no year of any student will be wasted if he breaks the course between
- All the graduation course feed of all Universities will be governed by a single authority with capping on each course
RELATIONSHIP WITH TECHNOLOGY
In the face of a pandemic, technology has risen as a major lifesaver. Communication, the major key to our connected life and technology, the driving force that maintains our connections.
NEP 2020 believes that the success of higher education institutions is the quality and concentration of its faculty. It also ensures promoting online education courses in the recent rise in pandemics to assure alternative modes of quality education. This policy also aims at achieving 100% in adult literacy by 2030. For education has utilized technology to its fullest. Education may become more flexible and accessible, spreading over self-reliance on rigid structures that we currently consider necessary.
Problems in the previous Education System
Indian education system faces a lot of hardships that builds a barrier to grow and encourage other children to succeed in life. The biggest problem which faces is the poor grading system. The earlier system evaluated the intelligence of students on the basis of academics. That stands unfair to many learners who are good in their performance but not that good at certain subjects.
Besides, students only struggle to get good marks not paying attention to understanding what is taught. To get good scores, they simply choose to mug up instead of getting the concepts.
The previous Indian education system focused on theories more and a minor to logical.
Before, education and knowledge were limited to books, and thus bookish stuff was not enough in real life.
The earlier education system laid no importance to sports and art. Students almost mugged up all stuff that lacked practical knowledge and skills.
Looking up the new Indian Educational System with new amendments we wish to be at par with modern countries and the bright future of our youths.