What is Pandemic? Pandemics can be described as an infectious disease which can easily infect people and spread from one-another and more in multiple countries at the same time. CoronaVirus is the recent pandemic that has infected over 1.2millions in at least 183 countries including more than 70,000 deaths. The numbers are crossing everyday.
But pandemic is not a new word, the world has seen many worst pandemics taking thousands of lives. Last time in the year 2009, we heard of HINI Swine Flu as pandemic which affected more than 1.4 billion people in the globe and estimated that 151,700 to 575,400 people died.
There are a lot of theories available on how coronavirus may have originated. The very first corona infected person was traced in Wuhan, China. Many claimed the virus came from animals as it was linked to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale market, a popular wet market that sells live animals.
The Evolution of Pandemics:
Diseases and illness have plagued humanity since ages. As humans have spread across the world so have the worst diseases. The outbreaks are nearly constant even in this modern era. . The scale and the spread of the disease have increased dramatically. The more civilized humans-the more severe diseases.
Rise in trade and commerce have led to new opportunities for humans and animals to spread epidemics. The early years epidemics which interacted were Malaria, leprosy, influenza, smallpox, and now its deadly Coronavirus spread from 1 country to more than 183 countries and territories.
What are the Worst Pandemics the World has experienced?
Plague of Justinian (541-542 CE)
Death- 27 million (approximately)
This is recorded to be the third deadliest pandemics in history. The cause was a single bacterium Yersinia pestis, a fatal infection diversely known as the plague. The plague of Justinian turned up in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine empire in 541 CE.
It was borne over the Mediterranean sea from Egypt killing up to 25 million people. The population of the Eastern Mediterranean and devastating the city Constantinople killed approximately 5,000 people a day. The deadliest pandemic spread like wildfire across Europe, Asia, North Africa and Arabia. It took more than 30 to 50 million lives which was half of the world’s population.
Third Cholera (1852-1860)
Death- 1.2 million (Approximately)
Generally, known to be the most deadly outbreak of Cholera during the 19th century. This originated in India spreading its tributaries from the Ganges river delta, Spreading over Asia Europe North America and Africa.
Later, a British physician John Snow succeeded in identifying the cause. The cause was of contaminated water as the means of transmission for the disease.
Flu Pandemic (1889-1890)
Death- 1 million
This pandemic spanned the globe killing a million of people. The modern industrial age made transportation easier for influenza virus to wreak havoc. The spread of the virus was so fast that it took a week to conquer St. Petersburg, Europe and the rest of the globe.
The rise in population gave its active participation in the spread of flu. This was said to be the first outbreak in the era of bacteriology. The virus subtype H2N2 who originally named as “Asiatic flu” or “Russian flu”.
HIV/ AIDS (1981-till date)
Death- 40 million (approx.)
AIDS, global Pandemic make since 1980s which is a chimpanzee virus transferred to humans. Gradually, this virus had certainly made its way all around the globe by 20 century.
At present there are 35 million people living with HIV. The Education and awareness of new treatments have been developed that have made HIV easy to combat. Later at intervals from 2005 to 2012 the annual death rate has dropped from 2 millions to 1.5 millions approximately.
Coronavirus (2019- at present)
Death- 123,483 (Till 14th April 2020)
Cause- Virus (Unknown)
In the region of Wuhan, China Covid-19 virus was traced for the first time in December,2019. Initially the epidemic affected China and no sooner all across the world. The world health organization declared this deadly pandemic outbreak in March 2020.
The new virus exact cause is still untraceable which is the main reason pharmaceutical scientists are failing to invent a vaccine or exact medicine to treat COVID-19 infected patients. To prevent spreading, countries went for lock-down and presently more than 3.9 billion people are under lock down.
Powerful countries like the USA, Italy and Spain who have advanced health facilities failed to control this pandemic and lost thousands of lives within 24 hours.
COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC
Last updated: April 14, 2020, 16:50 GMT
Many countries have taken extraordinary measures, bold steps and strong decisions to break the chain. With this covid-19 pandemic, humankind all over the globe have been aware of hygiene and social distancing. People have taken some home measures to fight against covid-19.
Though countries and WHO take all precaution to minimize the damages due to pandemics, still they fail often. Because of these Pandemics not only take millions of lives but also slow down the economy. It takes years to get back things to get things to normal. Do comment and share your thoughts.